Cooperative Program in Forest Certification

Project 02. Global Review of Plantation (Technical Phase)

Condition: concluded.

Goal: Acting in the groups of experts in Social Responsibility, Land Use Conversion, Use of Pesticides and Chemical agents and Ecosystem Integrity.

Context: In 2004, the FSC International began the process of Global Review of Forest Plantations. The political phase lasted 18 months, through the performance of the three chambers of the FSC (economic, environmental and social), whose product was the recommendation for management of integrated social, public consultations more efficient, ecosystem integrity, conversion date, among other.

Figura 1
Figure 1
. Representation of the joint action of the three chambers of the FSC,
which have equal weight in their deliberations

The technical phase began in 2006, aiming to deepen discussions and clarify issues promoted during the political phase, including the development of generic indicators, revision of FSC Principles & Criteria and immediate actions to improve the certification process.

For the Plantation Forest Certification there is an additional principle (Principle 10 - Plantations) that deals exclusively with this theme. However, the FSC recognizes that the criteria for plantation management are subject to different interpretations, so it would be necessary to review the experience and the processes related to Plantation certifications in all countries in order to improve its management globally.

Figura 2
Figure 2
. Eucalyptus spp. plantation certified by FSC.

Performance of the CPFC: Experts from Brazil (Camila Godinho, Prof. PhD. Carlos Frederico Wilcken (UNESP), Prof. PhD. Paulo Yoshio Kageyama (ESALQ / USP) and Prof. PhD. Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues (ESALQ / USP)), were contacted to give support to the technical review phase of plantations. In early 2008, meetings were held by CPFC with the four experts involved in this process in order to facilitate communication between stakeholders. It was defined that the program would make the interface between them, corporations, certification bodies and CPFC technical-administrative committee. From the earliest definitions were articulated opportunities of the four Brazilian experts as observers, following the certification audits by Brazilian companies certified by the FSC. The purpose of this activity was to allow experts knew in practice the format and procedure of audit processes, as well as how they are dealt with principles, criteria and indicators of FSC.

Figura 3
Figure 3
. Technical visit of the Chemicals Working Group on a forestry company
(pictured, Prof. PhD. Carlos Wilcken accompanying members of the FSC International in the field visit)

Results: The theme of "Social Responsibility” was addressed for the first time in a meeting held in Bonn, Germany in November 2007 (where is the head office of the FSC-International). According to the Brazilian representative at the meeting (Camila Godinho), the more relevant issues addressed in this meeting were the equal rights for contract workers, measures for preventing and resolving conflicts, improving the quality of life and poverty reduction and other aspects related to the criteria review of Principles 4, 7 and 8, relating to this theme.

The first meeting of the theme "Land Use Conversion" also took place in Bonn, Germany, but in January 2008. The Brazilian expert present at the meeting (Prof. PhD. Paulo Yoshio Kageyama) reported that Brazil differentiates itself positively in relation to other countries because of its forestry legislation, especially with regard to the maintenance of Protected Areas. The focus of discussion was the Principle 6, with emphasis on criteria 6.9 and 6.10, dealing with various concepts related to conversion of ecosystems.

The theme "Use of Pesticides and Chemical agents" is being accompanied by the Brazilian expert, Prof. PhD. Carlos Frederico Wilcken, since November 2007 when, in Bonn, Germany, hosted the first meeting to discuss the impossibility of suspending the use of pesticides to control pests and diseases in forest plantations and discussion on proposals to reduce use up your limit.

In general, the intention was that the results of these works would serve as a basic for the Global Review of FSC Principles and Criteria. CPFC continued following the results of the technical phase of the Plantations Global Review, also contributing in the dissemination of the FSC Guide to Integrated Pest management developed as a result of the Experts Working Group who worked on the theme “Use of Pesticides and Chemicals”.

Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos Florestais
Via Comendador Pedro Morganti, 3500 - Bairro Monte Alegre
CEP: 13415-000 - Piracicaba, SP - Brasil
Reprodução permitida desde que citada a fonte.